참조 :
http://www.w3schools.com/js/js_if_else.asp
http://www.w3schools.com/js/js_switch.asp

if문 예제

<script type=”text/javascript”>
var d = new Date()
var time = d.getHours()
if (time<10)
{
document.write(“<b>Good morning</b>”)
}
else if (time>=10 && time<16)
{
document.write(“<b>Good day</b>”)
}
else
{
document.write(“<b>Hello World!</b>”)
}
</script>

switch문 예제

<script type=”text/javascript”>
//You will receive a different greeting based
//on what day it is. Note that Sunday=0,
//Monday=1, Tuesday=2, etc.

var d=new Date()
theDay=d.getDay()
switch (theDay)
{
case 5:
  document.write(“Finally Friday”)
  break
case 6:
  document.write(“Super Saturday”)
  break
case 0:
  document.write(“Sleepy Sunday”)
  break
default:
  document.write(“I’m looking forward to this weekend!”)
}
</script>

둘 다 자바의 조건문이랑 완전 같기 때문에 pass
&&와 || 연산자 사용도 같습니다.